Study Fields

For the graduates, who completed the cultural heritage conservation-restoration programmes the employment opportunities are existing in both public and in private sector, The Ministry of Culture and Tourism, General Directorate for foundations, which are responsible for the cultural assets like public institutions, archaeological excavations museums, protection laboratories, special  collections, restoration firms. However, in our country  it takes the attention that the conservators who will satisfy the needs are scarce. Museums and ruins are the primary employment fields that the conservators need most. The prior responsibility of the museums are the protection of the works whose reason is for being and obtaining them the most suitable environmental conditions. This thought requires more or less restoration (effective protection) on the one hand, on the other hand the preparation of the conditions that will prevent (preventive protection) from all kinds of impairment. To reach this aim, in as much as people working at the museums, curators, the protection experts are needed. In Turkey, one of the causes of the confronted leading problems is the scarcity of the employment in the museums about the protection education and the staffed conservator. In Turkish museums, the number of staffed conservators are getting increasing. If it is thought, it is understood clearly that about 185 museums linked to the Ministry and the ruins open to the visits, about 320 scientific excavations, the member of profession employment is continuing. In archaeological excavations  for conservators, the wide study opportunity is protection application. The protection of archaeological foundlings start in the excavation fields. It is possible with the planned excavation and the protection to transfer the works which are lifted to daylight without losing their archaeological information and the marks. Among the decision of UNESCO in 1956, the necessity of protection to be planned and it is emphasized to be an important subject that should not  be left to coincidence (Erder, 2007:242).

A protection that contains foundling and architectural ruins during the excavation necessitates the professional or more than one conservators’ existence continuously. For conservators  another employment field is the restoration building sites where the application is for the protection of cultural heritage. Protecting authentic building materials and ornamentation like the wall paintings, mosaic, stone, tile, plaster, wood, metal on the historical buildings is within the application of conservators more than architects and in this direction the demands show increase. For graduates, to give service to the public and the private sector, incorporating firm opportunities  also exist. Being in the first place, in İstanbul, recently,  the number of firms have shown an increase in servicing  related to their own expertise fields to archaeological excavations, to the museums, to special trovers and to the restoration building sites. Recently, Ministry of Culture and Tourism‘s and General Directorate of Cultural heritage and Museum s’  has imposed of an obligation for a protection plan and conservator holding while either local or foreign excavating is holding a promise to the new graduates  because of the demands of the museums and the increasing attention to the subject.